The West Wing Wheels: Franklin D. Roosevelt
Drive down Pennsylvania Avenue with the United States Presidents in this 10-part series
From Lincoln to Ford, the United States automotive industry has been greatly affected by the Presidents of the United States. Pardon the pun. However, cars have also had a profound impact on the presidents themselves. As the most powerful person in the country, the President of the United States needs a powerful set of wheels to get around. Each president of the 20th and 21st century possessed his own fleet of personal vehicles.
Over the years, the United States Presidents have owned some very interesting automobiles. From a 20th century electric car, to a car that drove on water, presidential cars are among the most cool and quirky in our country’s extensive history. In this installment of The News Wheel, I will examine the presidential vehicles of 10 of our country’s most famous and infamous leaders. So let’s explore the personal cars of the Commander in Chief with “The West Wing Wheels.”
Franklin D. Roosevelt: 32nd President of the United States (1933-1945)
FDR was the president with the coolest set of wheels.
Okaay, maybe that wasn’t the best choice of words. Better rephrase that.
President Roosevelt possessed some of the classiest rides to ever grace the White House garage. He also knew how to use those automobiles to secure his safety and his popularity in national polls. How else did he go on to serve four terms?
FDR suffered a severe polio attack in 1921 that left him unable to use his legs. Many people thought that this would also leave him unable to drive. Roosevelt, a remarkable and resourceful individual, proved them wrong. Using an intricate system of hand controls, FDR was able to pilot his automobiles. He enjoyed driving, one of the few tasks he could accomplish independently, as he found it relaxing. He often took his beloved dog Fala on rides in his Ford Phaeton.
One of the more interesting automobile stories of Roosevelt’s presidency might not be true at all. Shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, FDR was supposed to give his declaration of war speech. However, Secret Service was worried about a possible assassination attempt on the president. They needed a bulletproof car for FDR. But where to find one?
According to the memoirs of Michael F. Reilly, one of FDR’s Secret Service men, they found the vehicle they needed in the form of Al Calpone’s impounded 1928 Cadillac. If the legend is to be believed, FDR safely traveled to announce America’s entrance into the world’s most infamous war in a gangster’s getaway vehicle. I guess that’s the Chicago way.
However, there are reports that suggest Al Capone’s Cadillac wasn’t even in the country at the time, but rather in England. Whether the story is true or not, one thing for certain was that the president needed a bulletproof car. He soon got one in the form of a 1939 Packard 12.
The car was retrofitted to be the first presidential armored car. It possessed specialized bulletproof glass to protect the president from any would-be assassins. Its dexterity wasn’t the only thing special about the vehicle. The Packard 12 possessed a twelve-cylinder engine that made the ride exceptionally smooth and relaxing.
The first presidential vehicle to be designed and built as an armored vehicle also belonged to Roosevelt. This specially designed vehicle was named the Sunshine Special. A customized Lincoln K-Series, the Sunshine Special possessed oversized rear-hinged doors, armored plates, special handles for Secret Service agents, and bulletproof glass. The Lincoln was designed not only with FDR’s safety in mind, but convenience and comfort as well. It was specially built to allow Roosevelt to easily enter and exit the vehicle.
The armored car earned its Sunshine Special nickname because the top was almost always open. In fact, FDR insisted on traveling around in convertibles. It allowed for him to interact with people as he drove by, a product of his personable nature.
The Sunshine Special currently resides in the Henry Ford Museum in Michigan, while the Packard resides in the Toyota Automobile Museum in Japan, the country America went to war against in WWII. How much more ironic can you get than that?
Next time on “The West Wing Wheels” learn how Truman, the next in line, got one of the first new vehicles off of the assembly line after WWII. Or for WWI info, read about President Wilson’s welcome back gift, the Pierce Arrow.
- Zachary Berry
Zachary Berry is a student studying Strategic Communication at Ohio University. So basically advertising and public relations writing. That means he's basically Don Draper, only with a lot less women and booze. Hailing from Oklahoma City, his family proceeded to move to Dayton, then move to Albuquerque, where he did not partake in any meth production, and finally head back to good old Dayton. That's the life of a military kid. Since he had to travel so much, Zachary got used to it, and even enjoys exploring new places. If you couldn't tell by the pop culture references, Zachary also enjoys watching and reviewing movies and television. As the Creative Writing Intern for The News Wheel, Zachary is eager to earn his place among the greats of The News Wheel, and one day wishes to write about a banana car himself. See more articles by Zachary.